What is a hymenoplasty?

A hymenoplasty or hymen reconstruction surgery is the temporary surgical restoration of the hymen. Restoration of the hymen is also referred to as revirginization. A purely cosmetic procedure in which a membrane without blood supply is created, sometimes including a gelatine capsule of an artificial blood-like substance. 

The hymen can tear for multiple reasons, not just penetrative sex. Common causes of a torn hymen include:

  • Tampon insertion
  • Exercise
  • Riding a bike or a horse

A hymenoplasty can repair a torn hymen for women who want to restore it due to cultural, religious, or psychological reasons. It will tighten the vaginal opening and cause bleeding upon penetration.