What causes cervical polyps?

Cervical polyps are small growths that develop on the cervix, usually where it opens into the vagina. They are usually about one to two centimeters long, and they may be red, purple, or grayish in color.

Polyps can develop for a number of different reasons, and there isn’t one clear cause. They are sometimes associated with inflammation of the cervix or higher levels of estrogen.

If you have a bacterial infection or an STD, or experienced a recent pregnancy, you might be more likely to develop cervical polyps.

What are the signs of cervical polyps?

There are often no signs associated with cervical polyps. However, you might experience:

  • An abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge
  • Spotting or bleeding, especially after sex or douching
  • Heavier periods

In some cases, these symptoms can be signs of cervical cancer. It’s important to see a physician right away if you have any unusual symptoms.

What is the treatment for cervical polyps?

Your physician at Pure OBGYN can diagnose cervical polyps with a routine pelvic exam or Pap smear.

The treatment usually involves surgically removing the polyps right in the office. Your physician uses an instrument called a polyp forceps to grasp the base of the growth and gently remove it with a twisting motion. They might also tie a surgical string around the polyp and cut it away to remove the growth.

The procedure is generally not painful, and any bleeding is usually minimal. You can manage any discomfort or cramping with over-the-counter pain relievers.

What can I expect after treatment for cervical polyps?

After your physician removes the polyp or polyps, they send the tissue to a laboratory to test for signs of cancer. If there is cancer present, your physician can discuss the next steps with you, which depend on the type and the stage of cancer.

While new polyps can develop on the cervix, they generally won’t grow back in the same place. Regular pelvic exams ensure your physician can treat polyps before they become problematic.

To learn more about treatment for cervical polyps, contact Pure OBGYN today by calling or scheduling an appointment online.